Granular Activated Carbon
Available for Water Treatment and Remediation Projects
What is Granular Activated Carbon?
Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) is a highly porous form of carbon that is commonly used for various applications, particularly in the purification and filtration of water and air. It is a type of activated carbon, which means it has been specially processed to have a large surface area and high adsorption capacity.
The applications for granular activated carbon include:
1. Water purification: It is used in water treatment processes to remove organic compounds, chlorine, taste and odor, and various contaminants, making the water safe and suitable for consumption.
2. Air purification: GAC is employed in air filters and respirators to remove volatile organic compounds (VOCs), odors, and other harmful gases from the air.
3. Environmental remediation: It can be used to clean up contaminated soil and groundwater by adsorbing organic pollutants.
4. Industrial processes: GAC is used in various industries to purify liquids and gases, recover valuable substances, and control emissions.
Due to its wide range of applications and high efficiency in removing impurities, granular activated carbon is a popular choice for various purification and filtration processes.
How is Granular Activated Carbon Used in Remediation?
Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) is widely used in environmental remediation to clean up contaminated soil and groundwater. It is an effective method for removing organic pollutants and certain chemicals from the environment. The process involves introducing GAC into the contaminated site, allowing it to come into contact with the pollutants, and adsorbing the contaminants onto its porous surface. Typical uses in remediation include:
1. In-situ Remediation: In this method, GAC is introduced directly into the contaminated subsurface without excavation. It can be applied as a slurry or mixed with other materials to create a barrier or reactive zone. As groundwater flows through the GAC, the contaminants are adsorbed onto its surface, effectively reducing their concentrations.
2. Ex-situ Remediation: In this approach, contaminated soil is excavated and brought to the surface. The soil is then mixed with GAC, either on-site or off-site, to facilitate the adsorption of contaminants. After mixing, the soil and granular activated carbon mixture is allowed to sit for a specific period to achieve the desired remediation goals. The treated soil can then be returned to the site or disposed of in an appropriate manner.
3. Soil Vapor Extraction (SVE) with GAC: When volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are present in the soil, SVE is used to extract these contaminants as vapors. The extracted vapors are then passed through a bed of granular activated carbon, where the VOCs are adsorbed onto the carbon. This process effectively removes the VOCs from the vapors before they are released into the atmosphere.
4. Pump-and-Treat Systems: Pump-and-treat systems are commonly used for groundwater remediation. Groundwater is extracted from the contaminated aquifer using wells and pumped through a GAC treatment system. The GAC bed adsorbs the contaminants, reducing their concentrations before the treated water is either discharged or re-injected into the aquifer.
5. Reactive Barriers: GAC can be combined with other reactive materials (e.g., zero-valent iron) to create reactive barriers. These barriers are placed in the subsurface to treat contaminated groundwater as it flows through them. The granular activated carbon in the barrier adsorbs the contaminants, while the reactive materials may also facilitate the degradation or transformation of certain pollutants.
The effectiveness of GAC in remediation depends on factors such as the type and concentration of contaminants, the site’s hydrogeological conditions, and the contact time between the GAC and the contaminants. GAC-based remediation is a proven and widely used method for cleaning up contaminated sites and restoring environmental quality.
In-Situ Remediation Service
Our team has extensive experience supporting time-sensitive projects across the US and Canada as well as internationally.
From military bases and other secured locations, to open fields, and active shopping centers in cities, we have been there and understand the often complex and time-sensitive logistics needed to make your project successful.